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Understanding Breast Cancer: Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Prevention


The breast is an apocrine gland found in both males and females. However, in females, it has a specific function – the production of milk for neonatal nutrition and immune function.

The main function of the breasts is milk production. 

The adult breast has nearly 14-18 lactiferous lobes. Each lobe is made up of several lobules, and each lobule is made up of several acini. Each acinus drains into a branching duct that converges into a single lactiferous duct in each lobe, that subsequently drain at the nipple-areola complex.

The breast has an inhomogeneous structure that is predominantly composed of adipose tissue and glandular tissue. In addition, there are also suspensory Cooper’s ligaments and connective tissue such as collagen and elastin.

Breast cancer is a significant health concern affecting millions of women worldwide. In this post, we will explore the key aspects of breast cancer, including its symptoms, diagnosis methods, and prevention strategies. By raising awareness about breast cancer, we aim to empower women to take proactive steps towards early detection and prevention. Let’s dive in!

What is Breast Cancer?

Breast cancer is a type of cancer that develops in the breast cells. It occurs when abnormal cells divide and grow uncontrollably, forming a tumour. These tumours can be benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous). Breast cancer is predominantly found in women, but it can also affect men.

Common Symptoms of Breast Cancer:
Lump or thickening in the breast or underarm area

Changes in breast size or shape

Nipple discharge (other than breast milk)

Nipple inversion or changes in nipple appearance

Skin changes on the breast, such as redness, dimpling, or puckering

Persistent breast or nipple pain

Diagnosing Breast Cancer:

Early detection plays a crucial role in successful breast cancer treatment. Here are some common diagnostic methods:

Breast Self-Exams (BSE): Regular self-exams help women become familiar with their breasts’ normal look and feel, making it easier to detect any changes.

Clinical Breast Exams (CBE): Healthcare professionals perform a physical examination of the breasts to check for any abnormalities.

Mammograms: X-ray images of the breast can detect tumours or abnormal areas even before they can be felt.

Biopsy: If an abnormality is found, a tissue sample (biopsy) is taken and examined under a microscope to determine if it is cancerous.

Breast Cancer Prevention:

While not all breast cancers can be prevented, certain lifestyle choices can help reduce the risk. Here are some preventive measures:

Regular Screening: Follow recommended guidelines for mammograms and clinical breast exams based on your age and risk factors.

Maintain a Healthy Weight: Obesity has been linked to an increased risk of breast cancer. Engage in regular physical activity and maintain a balanced diet.

Limit Alcohol Consumption: Excessive alcohol intake has been associated with an increased risk of breast cancer. Limit your alcohol consumption or avoid it altogether.

Breastfeed: Women who breastfeed their babies may have a reduced risk of developing breast cancer.

Know Your Family History: Understand your family’s breast cancer history and discuss it with your healthcare provider.

Breast cancer is a concerning health issue, but early detection and
awareness can make a significant difference in outcomes. By
understanding the symptoms, undergoing regular screenings, and
adopting a healthy lifestyle, we can take proactive steps to reduce
the risk of breast cancer. Remember, early detection saves lives!



If you have any
further questions or concerns, please don’t hesitate to reach out to
Essence Medical Laboratory. Stay informed, stay healthy! 

At essence we visualize your health